The earliest public health organizations were founded during the Enlightenment period, a time of unprecedented social and industrial developments, with huge impacts on society. During this time, the Pennsylvania Society for the Prevention of Tuberculosis (which would eventually become the American Lung Association) was formed. During this time, German hospitals started implementing potable water supplies and strict penalties were imposed on those who polluted them. Eventually, hog pens were banned from facing city streets and sanitation became a priority.
By the sixteenth century, syphilis spread across Europe and the Americas. This disease wiped out native populations and resulted in the creation of health boards. The theory of contagion led to the introduction of health statistics. These efforts eventually led to the creation of the National Institute of Health (NIH).
During this time, the concept of public health was still foreign to many people. Before the discovery of microbes, it was difficult to know what public health was, but the evolution of public health paralleled advances in the study of diseases and microorganisms. Throughout history, many public health programs have been instituted in various parts of the world. So what is the history of public health?? Let’s take a look.
Modern public health practices have expanded the scope of its scope to address the determinants of health and social inequality. Social factors like education, gender, income, region of residence, and social relationships have a profound effect on health. These upstream drivers have a profound impact on health distribution and are recognized as a major challenge for modern public health. What’s more, the scope of public health has become more international than ever before, as the concept of globalization has made it a global force.